The health of your cat is an important thing that you should watch out on. When you decided to adopt them, it became your responsibility to make sure that they’re always in their best condition. Learning about common cat diseases is one of the ways to take said responsibility. By knowing cat diseases symptoms that could happen to your cat, it will help you in understanding what happened to them a lot more quickly, thus, getting them helped a lot sooner.
Common Cat Diseases You Must Know
1. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus is one of the most common diseases found in cats. This virus attacks the immune system of the subject making them weak. Like other types of immune disease, cat that has FIV won’t show the symptoms until years after getting infected. Even though it doesn’t immediately mean fatality, but a lower immune system can open other sets of problems such as dying from other viruses that can’t be fought by their antibody.
Pay attention to your cat if they show symptoms such as enlarged lymph nodes, fever, anemia, weight loss, lack of appetite, and so on, make sure to bring them to the vet as soon as possible. In most cases, if a cat already showed those symptoms, it might get worse from there. Please contact your vet right away to have them examined. Fortunately, even though it’s one of the most common cat diseases, FIV is easily preventable with vaccination. So, make sure your cat get FIV vaccine before it’s too late.
One of the most contagious cat diseases is Rabies. Rabies is a dangerous virus that could lead to death. The spreadability of this virus is high and even higher as for the stray cat diseases. It’s because Rabies usually passed around from the saliva of an infected cat. An infected cat will get violence and hostile, causing many stray cats to pass the virus through bites when they fight.
Before you adopt any stray cats that you see, test them if they have any viruses that might be dangerous. Viruses like Rabies could also infect humans, so make sure that your cat doesn’t have that. It’s suggested that you take preventative action by injecting the cat that you have with Rabies vaccine and others that are on the cat vaccine list as well. This is to prevent them from getting unwanted common cat diseases.
3. Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV)
FeLV disease is also one that inhibits your cat’s immunity. What’s alarming about this one is that some cats show the symptoms of having it but others don’t. The possibility of getting this disease is high seeing that it spreads through many bodily fluids including saliva, nasal secretions, urine, feces, and blood. FeLV more commonly occurs in domestic cats because of the sharing litter boxes, food, and water bowls. So, be sure to check any new cats that you bring at home for FeLV.
Taking e many preventative actions to avoid your cat getting infected by this virus is a must. Like many viruses right now, you can reduce the risk of infection by injecting a vaccine. If you see any cats that have FeLV, it’s best if you protect your cat from having direct contact with them. Because once your cat get FeLV, it will go south from there. Your cat won’t be able to fight new viruses that are coming, thus making them in the worst state possible.
Conjunctivitis or what’s people refer to as pink eye is one of the common cat diseases of the eye. Conjunctivitis seems like a trivial disease, but if it doesn’t get treated correctly, it can get worse. Conjunctivitis occurs when a mucous membrane that separates the outer and inner layers of your cat’s eyes get inflamed. Be careful with conjunctivitis, it’s a highly contagious cat diseases.
5. Eye Protrusion
Eye Protrusion is a serious condition that happens a lot in kitten. It’s where their eyes are coming out of their eye socket. This is caused by the kitten bulging eye infection. The infection alone can’t really be traced as to why. The theory is it’s the result of trauma, eye tumor, infection of the eye, or other underlying reasons. Eye protrusion is a severe medical condition that needs to be addressed immediately. Make sure that your cat gets examined by a professional as soon as you see something’s wrong.
Taking care of your cat’s oral health is one of the things that you shouldn’t miss out. Many cat illnesses of the mouth can attack your cat if you don’t. One of the most cat diseases of the mouth is bad breath. This may be the result of a tooth cavity or others. Gingivitis is one that can be the reason. It’s when the cat inflamed gums around the teeth caused by the bacteria around the plaque of their teeth.
Cleaning your cat’s mouth regularly is the best preventative action that you can take to make sure that they don’t get any mouth diseases. The pain in their mouth from gingivitis or other illnesses will make them uncomfortable to eat. Your cat’s health may continue to decline because of their lack of appetite. Thus, cleaning their mouths and teeth should be one of the things that is a must. If something already happens, bring them to the vet for medical care.
7. Ear Mites
Another common cat diseases that you should be aware of is ear mites. It’s parasites that love to reside on cat’s ears. Though it seems trivial enough, having ear mites in their ears will cause discomfort and pain to your cat. They would constantly scratch their ears, shaking their heads, or even crying for your help. If your cat showing those symptoms of ear mites in cats, check out their ears. If there is a brown discharge that looks like a coffee ground, it’s positive that your cat has it.
There are a couple of cat diseases symptoms that occurs because of the result of vaccination. Cat vaccine reaction is normal to happen. Things like mild fever, lethargy, lack of appetite, are common as the cat vaccinations side effects. It doesn’t mean that your cat becomes sick, but it’s their immune system working to fight the antivirus that is the vaccine. So, next time that new viruses are coming, their immune system is already trained to fight it.
If you know the basics of the most common cat illnesses, you will be a lot more preparation in facing them in case one of those diseases decided to attack your cat. But, of course, this isn’t something that any cat parents want to experience. That’s why wellness examination by professional is necessary at least once a year. For kittens and younger cats, it should be done in every six months. Care like grooming and giving them the best nutrition possible is also a must (Catzone).